Blizzard Warning: Wind may reach up to 35 miles per hour or greater with snow. This will cause the temperature to be very cold.
Frost/Freeze Warning: Below-freezing temperatures are expected.
- Make sure you have sufficient fuel for cars and generators.
- Weather-proof doors and windows to trap heat inside your home.
- Put warm supplies-such as gloves, blankets and hats-in your car in case you become stranded or extreme cold strikes while you are away from home.
- Make sure animals are indoors well before cold weather hits.
- Insulate pipes with newspaper or plastic to keep them from freezing.
Extreme Cold-Specific Items to Add to Preparedness Kit
- Hat and Gloves
- Warm-Layered Clothes
- Portable Heater
- During the winter months
- Commonly accompany snow storms or blizzards
- Be sure to eat regularly and drink fluids.
- Watch for frostbite. Signs include loss of feeling or pale appearance of fingers, toes, or face.
- Watch for hypothermia. Signs include uncontrollable shivering, memory loss, drowsiness and exhaustion.
- If using a heater, make sure the area is well ventilated.
- If you must go outside, wear protective gear such as hats, mittens, and gloves in addition to a warm coat. Always protect your lungs with a scarf.
- Change out of wet clothing immediately.
- Wear several layers of loose fitting clothes.
- Allow water to drip from your faucets to reduce the chance that they will freeze.
- Check on elderly and children for any signs of illness due to the cold weather.
- Refill any supplies used from your preparedness kit.
Wind Chill Chart
Below is the "Wind Chill Chart" that is a measure of the cooling effect of wind. Wind increases the rate at which the body loses heat, ato the air on a windy day feels cooler than the temperature indicated by a thermometer. This heat loss can be calculated for various combinations of wind speed and air temperature an then converted to a wind chill eaualevent temperature or "Wind Chill Factor".
More Information/Additional Resources: http://www.ready.gov/winter-weather