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Extreme Cold

Emergency Management

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Be Prepared

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Blizzard Warning: Wind may reach up to 35 miles per hour or greater with snow. This will cause the temperature to be very cold.
Frost/Freeze Warning: Below-freezing temperatures are expected.


  • Make sure you have sufficient fuel for cars and generators.
  • Weather-proof doors and windows to trap heat inside your home.
  • Put warm supplies-such as gloves, blankets and hats-in your car in case you become stranded or extreme cold strikes while you are away from home.
  • Make sure animals are indoors well before cold weather hits.
  • Insulate pipes with newspaper or plastic to keep them from freezing.

Extreme Cold-Specific Items to Add to Preparedness Kit

  • Hat and Gloves
  • Warm-Layered Clothes
  • Portable Heater

Be Safe:


  • During the winter months
  • Commonly accompany snow storms or blizzards


  • Be sure to eat regularly and drink fluids.
  • Watch for frostbite. Signs include loss of feeling or pale appearance of fingers, toes, or face.
  • Watch for hypothermia. Signs include uncontrollable shivering, memory loss, drowsiness and exhaustion.
  • If using a heater, make sure the area is well ventilated.
  • If you must go outside, wear protective gear such as hats, mittens, and gloves in addition to a warm coat. Always protect your lungs with a scarf.
  • Change out of wet clothing immediately.
  • Wear several layers of loose fitting clothes.
  • Allow water to drip from your faucets to reduce the chance that they will freeze.


  • Check on elderly and children for any signs of illness due to the cold weather.
  • Refill any supplies used from your preparedness kit. 

Wind Chill Chart
Below is the "Wind Chill Chart" that is a measure of the cooling effect of wind.   Wind increases the rate at which the body loses heat, ato the air on a windy day feels cooler than the temperature indicated by a thermometer.   This heat loss can be calculated for various combinations of wind speed and air temperature an then converted to a wind chill eaualevent temperature or "Wind Chill Factor".
wind chill chart

More Information/Additional Resources:

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